19 October-30 November 2020
The 51st Union World Conference On Lung Health
REGISTER NOW

Sessions

All Sessions
keyboard_arrow_down
keyboard_arrow_down Show filters keyboard_arrow_up Hide filters
  • All Tracks
  • Community Connect
  • Channel 1
  • Channel 2
  • Channel 3
  • Channel 4
  • Channel 5
  • Channel 6
  • Channel 7
  • E-posters
  • Workshops
E-posters
EP04-Learning from epidemiological analyses
event_note
Loading...
query_builder 10:00 - 11:00 | Event time (GMT+2)
query_builder - | Your time (GMT)
place Online Session/Virtual
card_travel E-poster session
mic English
EP04-Learning from epidemiological analyses
*Please scroll down for more information*
All E-posters are accessible via the "E-posters" section of the conference platform until 30 November.

EP04-128-21-Results of pulmonary TB screening for the elderly aged ≥ 65 years in Korea, 2019The KCDC selected six regions with a high tuberculosis (TB) incidence rate in the elderly, aged 65 years or over, and conducted TB screening. The project aims to early detect and treat elderly TB patients and prevent TB transmission among the elderly population. This paper describes the study results.
Heeae Kim

EP04-129-21-Excess mortality in TB patients diagnosed at hospital vs at primary healthcare in South AfricaInitial loss to follow-up among tuberculosis (TB) patients is a significant gap in the TB cascade and includes pre-treatment mortality. We evaluated all TB patients diagnosed at primary healthcare, district or tertiary hospitals in two sub-districts of Cape Town. We identified predictors of mortality and demonstrated the time to death using survival analyses.
Muhammad Osman

EP04-130-21-A geo-epidemiological approach to diagnose social inequities among territories vulnerable to TB in the North-East of BrazilIdentify the social inequalities associated with the occurrence of tuberculosis in areas at risk of the disease. This is an ecological study. For the analyses, the statistical model called Generalised Additive Models for Location, Scale and Shape, was used.
Ricardo Arcêncio

EP04-131-21-Poor linkage to care and high mortality among pregnant women with TB in South AfricaThis study describes linkage to care and mortality among pregnant women diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB) in Cape Town, South Africa. Using routinely collected TB data, we describe this cohort of pregnant women with TB, stratified by location of diagnosis and hospital vs. primary health care facility. 
Sue-Ann Meehan

EP04-132-21-Individual associated factors for developing tuberculous meningitis: a cross-sectional studyDiagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is challenging. We analysed the data of demographics, comorbidities and concurrent tuberculosis (TB) for TBM and non-TBM in patients from January 2008 to December 2019 in Beijing Chest Hospital (Beijing, China). Individual associated factors for developing TBM were identified by using univariate and multivariate logistic regression.
Mailing Huang

EP04-133-21-Prevalence and risk factors of active TB in Chinese rheumatic patients: a multicentre, cross-sectional studyA tertiary, hospital-based and multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2014 and September 2015. Eligible patients with confirmed diagnosis of various rheumatic diseases were consecutively recruited and screened for active TB. Calculation of prevalence and analysis of risk factors along with data about demographic features, underlying diseases and past and current medications were obtained.
Xiaoqing Liu

EP04-134-21-Geospatial determinants of TB active case finding among men and working age adults in Lima, PeruIn screening programmes for tuberculosis (TB), men and working age adults often have lower participation. In an active case finding programme for TB in Lima, Peru, we aimed to identify locations that had higher than average attendance by men and working age adults.
Helen Jenkins

EP04-135-21-Geospatial mapping of TB burden in Anambra State, South-East NigeriaWe conducted a geospatial mapping of all the notified tuberculosis (TB) cases in the state to enable a visualisation of hotspots of TB transmission to be targeted with case finding interventions. Patterns of TB burden across the state showed marked differences in urban areas between local government areas in the state. 
Chukwuebuka Ugwu

EP04-136-21-Factors associated with health seeking behaviour of people to be evaluated for TB aged 15 years and above in Indonesia: tuberculosis prevalence surveyThis paper aims to examine the health seeking behaviour of people to be evaluated for tuberculosis (TB). This study included adults to be evaluated for TB aged 15 years old and above based on the Indonesia TB prevalence survey, within the initial behaviour model. 
Permata Silitonga

EP04-137-21-Seasonality and trend of TB incidence rate after GeneXpert MTB/RIF era: a study in a vulnerable region from Brazilian Eastern AmazonEcological study in Macapá, capital of the state of Amapá, region of the Brazilian Eastern Amazon. We applied the interrupted time series method for diagnosing seasonality and the Prais-Winsten method to classify the event trend.
Ricardo Arcêncio

EP04-138-21-TB incidence rates and their determinants: an ecological multicountry analysis, 2005-2015The study identified three intermediary social determinants of health that were associated with changes in tuberculosis (TB) incidence rates across 115 countries between 2005 and 2015. Further action to address these determinants may help to achieve global goals in TB incidence reduction by 2035.
Fiona Alma Koeltringer

EP04-139-21-Risk factors for mortality among patients with multidrug-resistant TB in Uganda: a case-control studyRisk factors for mortality among patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Uganda: a case-control study for patients in the 2016 cohort using the long MDR-TB treatment regimen. This was done under programmatic conditions. 
Enock Kizito

Loading...
Channel 3
OA-03-Optimising lung health beyond TB
event_note
Loading...
query_builder 11:00 - 12:20 | Event time (GMT+2)
query_builder - | Your time (GMT)
place Online Session/Virtual
card_travel Oral Abstract session
mic English
OA-03-Optimising lung health beyond TB
*Please scroll down for more information*


11:00 - 11:05: Introduction


11:05 - 11:13: OA-03-514-21-Clinical predictors of outpatient child pneumonia mortality and development of a severity of illness score for outpatient care in rural Bangladesh – a multisite study Identifying children at higher risk of pneumonia mortality during outpatient care may improve outcomes. We explored clinical predictors of child pneumonia mortality and developed a predictive model applicable to outpatient care in rural Bangladesh.

Eric D McCollum

11:13 - 11:21: OA-03-515-21-Pneumococcal serotype epidemiology in Botswana following the introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine We endeavoured to describe temporal trends in pneumococcal serotype colonisation among children in Botswana following the introduction of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-13). Understanding how the introduction of PCV-13 affects pneumococcal serotype epidemiology is essential to optimising the next generation of pneumococcal vaccines and reducing childhood mortality.

Sweta M. Patel

11:21 - 11:29: OA-03-516-21-Mycobacteria and other acid fast organism among presumptive pulmonary TB patients in Kaduna state, Nigeria Tuberculosis is a leading public health problem in Nigeria. Hence, there is a need for continuous characterisation of mycobacteria in order to obtain current data that will aid ongoing diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this study was to phenotypically characterise mycobacteria isolates recovered from patients with smear-positive samples.

Isiyaku Ahmadu

11:29 - 11:37: OA-03-517-21-A novel quantitative tool for rapid monitoring of Mycobacterium abscessus pulmonary disease treatment response Mycobacterium abscessus is the most common, rapid growing, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) causing NTM pulmonary disease (PD). A quantitative treatment monitoring tool has been developed to follow M. abscessus PD treatment response. This treatment monitoring tool does not require sample decontamination, with results available on the same day.

Daniela Alferes de Lima

11:37 - 11:45: OA-03-518-21-How does exposure to fine particulate matter in Malawi vary by gender, exposure source and cooking characteristics? Fine grain data from an ethnography-linked exposure study In low-income settings such as Malawi, continued use of biomass fuels for cooking causes frequent exposure to high levels of air pollution, strongly associated with a range of cardiorespiratory pathologies. We use personal exposure monitoring to describe differential PM2.5 exposures in this setting by gender, exposure source and cooking features.

Sepeedeh Saleh

11:45 - 11:53: OA-03-519-21-Pulmonary function testing and predictive equations in a healthy adult population in Mbeya, Tanzania Despite the increasing importance of spirometry in research projects as well as in clinical medicine, there is a lack of lung function reference values available for the African population. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 343 adults, in Mbeya, Tanzania, to obtain local predictive equations and compared them to GLI.

Rebekka Wenzel

11:53 - 12:01: OA-03-520-21-Availability of diagnostic services and essential medicines for non-communicable respiratory diseases in African countries The study aimed to explore the availability of diagnostic spirometry and essential medicines for asthma and COPD in African countries. Data was collected by a questionnaire given to attendees at PATS MECOR and IMPALA meeting. Primary data on availability was gathered and reasons behind the challenges of non-availability were explored.

Catherine Plum

12:01 - 12:09: OA-03-521-21-Chronic lung diseases remain under-prioritised in Africa despite their growing burden: findings from a lung health policy analysis Despite the growing burden of chronic lung diseases (CLDs) in Africa, investment in research, policy and programmes is lacking. Understanding regional and national-level lung health policy environments (via policy desk review and key informant interviews) is critical to inform generation, and effective, uptake of relevant and responsive lung health research.

Emma Heneine

12:09 - 12:20: Q&A


Loading...
E-posters
EP25-Lung health across the lifespan
event_note
Loading...
query_builder 10:00 - 11:00 | Event time (GMT+2)
query_builder - | Your time (GMT)
place Online Session/Virtual
card_travel E-poster session
mic English
EP25-Lung health across the lifespan
*Please scroll down for more information*
All E-posters are accessible via the "E-posters" section of the conference platform until 30 November.

EP25-334-23-Effectiveness of the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against radiographic pneumonia in children in rural Bangladesh: a case-control studyWe conducted a matched case-control study between 2015-2017 using clinic and community controls in Sylhet, Bangladesh. Overall, adjusted vaccine effectiveness using clinic controls was 21.4% (95%CI,-0.2%, 38.4%) for >2 PCV10 (pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) doses and among 3-11 month olds was 47.3% (10.5%, 69.0%) for three doses.
Salahuddin Ahmed

EP25-335-23-It’s not TB but what could it be? Abnormalities on chest X-rays from the 2016 Kenya national TB prevalence surveyThe prevalence of diseases other than tuberculosis (TB) detected during chest X-ray (CXR) screening is unknown, yet it is important to provide patient-centred care during screening programmes. This study quantifies and characterises additional non-TB abnormalities that require further clinical input. These abnormalities may go undetected when using computer aided diagnosis.
Brenda Mungai

EP25-336-23-Supplemental oxygen in Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Malawi: a prospective cohort study of patients admitted to medical wardsOxygen is a potentially life saving drug that is often in limited supply in sub-Saharan Africa. This prospective cohort study explores the time course of hypoxaemia and response to oxygen therapy in a teaching hospital in Malawi. It aims to better rationalise the distribution of oxygen therapy in resource-limited settings.  
Helen Thomson

EP25-337-23-Searching for microbiome predictors of poor outcomes among infants with respiratory syncytial virus-associated pneumonia in BotswanaThe upper respiratory microbiome is associated with susceptibility to lower respiratory viral infections, but its impact on clinical outcomes in viral pneumonia is unknown. We sought to identify respiratory microbiome related factors associated with poor outcomes among children aged 1-23 months hospitalised with respiratory syncytial virus-associated pneumonia in Botswana.
Sweta M. Patel

EP25-338-23-Integration of obstructive lung disease diagnostics into primary care in limited-resource settings: is there a cost advantage?In resource-scarce settings, systems of patient referrals from primary to secondary care is absent. Specialists handle management and diagnosis of respiratory illnesses which leads to cost inefficiencies. This abstract compares the costs of integrating diagnosis and management systems of obstructive lung diseases within primary care to the standard of care.
Rahma Altaf

EP25-339-23-Predictive value of pulse oximetry for mortality among infants and children in rural Malawi presenting to primary care with World Health Organization-defined pneumoniaThe impact of pulse oximetry on mortality during primary care pneumonia management in African children is unknown. We sought to address this gap by evaluating paediatric pneumonia case fatality when applying World Health Organization guidelines with, and without, oximetry in Malawi.
Eric D McCollum

EP25-340-23-Association between fine particulate matter air pollution and emergency room visits for respiratory illnesses among adults in Karachi, PakistanIn 2018, the average air pollution in Karachi, Pakistan, was poor. In a country with weak healthcare infrastructure, the impact of air pollution on respiratory health and hospitalisation may be severe. This study explores the association between air pollution and risk of emergency room visit, within this setting.
Arman Majidulla

EP25-341-23-Syndromic diagnoses and management of patients presenting to health facilities in four provinces of Viet NamThe study used a syndromic approach to evaluate the prevalence of common respiratory conditions, and the treatment provided, among patients presenting with respiratory symptoms at four levels of health facilities in Viet Nam. 
Erick Wan-Chun Huang

EP25-342-23-Pulmonary function testing and predictive equations in child population in Mbeya, TanzaniaDespite the high burden of respiratory diseases, spirometry reference values for children are available for only a few African countries. We have performed a cross-sectional study with 284 children in Mbeya, Tanzania, to obtain local prediction equations and compare them with GLI equations.
Elimina Siyame

EP25-343-23-Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of rapidly growing mycobacteria respiratory isolates: a 10-year experience in a mycobacterial research centre in ColombiaTreatment of non-tuberculous rapidly growing (NT-RGM) mycobacteria is challenging as it requires multidrug therapy with low success rates. This study collected data on NT-RGM respiratory isolates during 2010 to 2019. Results showed high resistance levels especially with doxycycline. Moxifloxacin demonstrates poor activity against M. abscessus and clarithromycin susceptibility profile was low.
Laura Victoria

Loading...
Channel 4
OA-34-Risk factors, surveillance and control strategies in potential zoonotic TB hotspots
event_note
Loading...
query_builder 11:00 - 12:20 | Event time (GMT+2)
query_builder - | Your time (GMT)
place Online Session/Virtual
card_travel Oral Abstract session
mic English
OA-34-Risk factors, surveillance and control strategies in potential zoonotic TB hotspots
*Please scroll down for more information*


11:00 - 11:05: Introduction


11:05 - 11:13: OA-34-707-24-Clustering of Moroccan and Spanish Mycobacterium bovis isolates from slaughtered cattle Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is endemic in Morocco, in addition, zoonotic TB risk is high, but the exact burden is unknown. In this study, we investigated a larger set of Mycobacterium bovis genetic profiles to better define the phylogenetic links between Moroccan isolates and those found worldwide.

Hind Yahyaoui Azami

11:13 - 11:21: OA-34-708-24-Spoligotyping-based direct detection and identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex from cattle samples The public health consequences of Bovine tuberculosis (TB) in India have so far been scarcely investigated and often neglected. India is identified as a high burden country for TB by the World Health Organization and the reports of TB infection in cattle is making the situation even more alarming.  

Kannan Palaniayndi

11:21 - 11:29: OA-34-709-24-Prevalence and risk factors of mycobacterial infections among pastoralists and their cattle in southwestern Nigeria Active case finding of the prevalence and associated risk factors of mycobacterial infections among pastoralist communities - a neglected and high-risk group that are unaware of both their health status and that of their cattle herds - was carried out in Ibarapa area, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Olubukola Adelakun

11:29 - 11:37: OA-34-710-24-Facility-based characteristics are strong predictors of poor TB treatment outcomes in children in Pakistan Few studies have examined predictors of poor tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes among children without HIV infection. We assess individual demographic and clinical information as well as facility-based characteristics to identify predictors of unsuccessful paediatric treatment outcomes in children treated for drug-susceptible TB in Pakistan.

Meredith Brooks

11:37 - 11:45: OA-34-711-24-Diagnostic utility of microbiological and histopathological testing in the diagnosis of paediatric TB lymphadenitis in Indian children screened for the SHINE trial The diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) lymphadenitis in children poses a challenge due to a wide range of differential diagnoses. This is a retrospective study of microbiological (AFB smear, Xpert MTB/RIF, LJ and MGIT cultures) and histopathology testing of peripheral lymphnode samples from children aged<16 years, who were screened for the SHINE trial at Indian sites.

SYED HISSAR

11:45 - 11:53: OA-34-712-24-Thirty-year follow-up of a double-blind randomised, placebo-controlled trial of repeat bacillus Calmette–Guérin vaccination in northern Malawi Forty-seven thousand individuals with bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine scars were randomised from 1986–89 to receive a second BCG vaccination or placebo. We will present efficacy estimates based on 824 individuals, ascertained with tuberculosis through 2018, including analyses by age, tuberculin status, HIV status and M. tuberculosis lineage.

Paul Fine

11:53 - 12:20: Q&A


Loading...
Processing. Please wait.
Loading...